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Although the conflict ended in May 2009, there were isolated incidences of ethnic, religious and regional extremism at a very small scale fueled by very few extreme elements.

In the recent past, few incidence of religious extremism, racism, and communalism were reported in pockets of some localities. These incidences, if un-arrested may escalate on a wide-spread basis creating inter-ethnic and inter-religious tensions. Therefore, it is important to resolve these issues through a proper mechanism to ensure national integration, reconciliation, co-existence and sustainable peace.

The inadequate institutional mechanisms to address the issues were considered as a serious concern. The tension had been manifested in a spate of attacks on religious places. Therefore the DRC was established by H.E the President based on a Cabinet Decision to resolve the said issues at the local level through conflict resolution, mediation and amicable settlement.

The DRC comprising of District Secretary as the Convener, inter religious leaders of all faith, Superintendent of Police, Retired Judges and School principals and other relevant officials as observers. The objectives of the DRC are as follows:

  1. Study the background and causes of religious and ethnic tensions in the locality and formulate suitable strategy and approach to mediate the problem.
  1. Tension created due to attacks on religious places should be examined and rapid response should be provided to resolve conflict.
  1. Examine the root causes for the religious and ethnic conflict and invite all responsible parties including the perpetrators and victims and mediate through a conflict resolution approach
  1. Tensions and incidence to be reviewed in a more balanced perspective and negotiated between the groups to resolve the problems amicably.
  1. Maintain with the support of the District Office a database on incidence of tensions and attacks on religious and communal disturbances.
  1. Identify prominent layers and dynamics of the local context and undertake field inspections where necessary and mediate, negotiate and resolve conflict through appropriate methods and approaches.
  1. The team also should address verbal attacks or hate speeches which create problems and conflicts.

The DRCs have been established and operational in all 25 Districts to resolve ethnic and religious tensions and promote National Integration and Reconciliation at District level. The mechanism is currently in operation in all 25 Districts however, the DRCs Members will be provided additional training and orientation on conflict resolution, mediation and amicable settlements. When incidence of inter-religious and inter-ethnic tensions are reported in the Districts, the DRC get involved in solving the problems and issues.

Any unresolved issues will be reported back to the National Reconciliation Committee (NRC) for suitable intervention. Cabinet Memorandum also state that this mechanism should not in any way disturb the law and order arrangements and individual rights in the country.

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